Idolatry (Romans 1:18-23)
    18 For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all idolatry and oppression of men,
    who with their oppression even suppress the truth, 19 because what can be known about God
    is plain to them, because God has shown it to them. 20 For ever since the creation of the
    world, his eternal power and divinity, though invisible, have been understood and clearly
    perceived in the things that have been made, so they are without excuse, 21 because
    although they knew God, they did not glorify nor thank him, but became futile in their
    reasonings, and their undiscerning heart was darkened. 22 Claiming to be wise, they became
    fools 23 and exchanged the glory of the immortal God into a likeness of an image of
    corruptible man and birds and quadrupeds and reptiles;

Covetous desires and unclean sexual acts (Romans 1:24-27)
    24 wherefore, God gave them up in the covetous desires of their hearts to uncleanness, to
    the dishonoring of their bodies among themselves, 25 who exchanged the truth about God
    for a lie and worshipped and served the creature rather than the Creator who is blessed unto
    the ages! Amen. 26 For this reason, God gave them up to dishonorable passions, for even
    their females exchanged the natural use for the use against nature; 27 and similarly also the
    males, leaving the natural use of the female, burned with passion for one another, males
    with males committing shameful acts and received back among themselves the penalty due
    their error.

Injustice, oppression, violence, gossip (Romans 1:28-32)
    28 And since they did not see fit to acknowledge God, God gave them up to a debased mind
    to do what is not proper, 29 having [already] been filled with

    all oppression/injustice,
    full of envy,
    of murder,
    of strife,
    of guile,
    of malignity,
    30 slanderers,
    haters of God,
    inventors of evil,
    disobedient to parents,
    31 undiscerning,

    32 who know God’s just ordinance that those who practice such things deserve to die, they
    not only do them, but even applaud others who practice them.

Gentile (and Jewish?) moralizers and God’s just judgment (Romans 2:1-16)
    2:1 Wherefore, O man, you are inexcusable, everyone of you who judges; for in passing
    judgment on another you condemn yourself, since you who judge practice the same things.
    2 Now we know that God’s judgment is according to truth against those who do such things.
    3 So do you suppose, O man—you who judge those who do such things and yet do them
    yourself—that you will escape God’s judgment? 4 Or do you despise the riches of his
    kindness and forbearance and longsuffering? 5 But by your stubbornness and your
    impenitent heart you are storing up wrath for yourself on the day of wrath when God’s just
    judgment will be revealed.

    6 He will repay according to each one’s deeds: 7 on the one hand, to those who by *manly
    perseverance in doing good work seek for glory and honor and immortality, he will give life in
    the age to come; 8 on the other hand, to those who are self-seeking and disobeying the truth,
    but practicing oppression, there will be wrath and fury. 9 Affliction and poverty on every soul of
    man working evil, the Jew first and also the Greek; 10 but glory and honor and peace to
    everyone working good, the Jew first and also the Greek. 11 For God shows no partiality.

    12 For as many as have sinned without Torah also will perish without Torah; and as many as
    have sinned in Torah will be judged by Torah; 13 for it is not the hearers of Torah who are just
    with God, but rather the doers of Torah will be justified [at the future final judgment]. 14 For
    whenever Gentiles who do not possess Torah by nature the things of the Torah do, these,
    though not having the Torah, are a law to themselves, 15 who show the work of the Torah to
    be written in their hearts, to which their own conscience bears witness; and their conflicting
    thoughts will accuse or perhaps excuse them 16 on the day when, according to my good
    news, God, through Messiah Jesus, will judge men’s secret thoughts.

Deconstruction of texts on uncleanness, against nature, shame, and Sodom

    1:24 # 14:14, 20b — I know and have been persuaded by the Lord Jesus that nothing is
    unclean in itself; but if anyone regards something as unclean, then for him it is
    unclean….All things indeed are clean, but it is wrong for anyone to eat anything that
    causes someone else to stumble.

    Agaionst Nature
    1:24, 26-27 # 1:16; 3:24-25; 5:2-3,11 — I am not ashamed of the Gospel….being
    justified by his grace through the redemption that is in Messiah Jesus, whom God set
    forth as an expiation-propitiation by his blood through faith….We boast in the hope of
    the glory of God…but also in our oppressions….but also in God (cf. Hebrews 12:2,
    “despising the shame”).

    1:26-27 # 11:21, 24 — For if God spared not the natural branches [Israel], neither will
    he spare you [Gentiles]….For if you [Gentiles] were cut out of the olive tree that is wild
    by nature (katà phúsin) and against nature (parà phúsin) were grafted into a cultivated
    olive tree [Israel], how much more readily will these [Jews], the natural (katà phúsin)
    branches, be grafted into their own olive tree.

    9:29  If the Lord of hosts had not left us sperm/seed (offspring), we would have fared
    like Sodom and been likened to Gomorrah [Isa 1:9].

A Gay Apostle’s Queer Epistle for a Peculiar People: Romans 1:24-27 in its Context
Rev. Dr. Tom Hanks

Part 1
Romans 1:18 - 2:16, a new translation
with end note references to
Deconstruction of texts on uncleanness, against nature, shame, and Sodom

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of the marked subject is discuessed in other place(s) in this docuemnt.
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Romans 1:24-27
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